In Newham, east London, one in every 21 people is homeless.
The borough has the highest local level of homelessness – meaning living in temporary accommodation or sleeping on the streets – in England, according to charity Shelter’s latest report.
Westminster, the political heart of the country, is second with one in every 27 people.
The number of people in England living in temporary accommodation has increased 74% in the last 10 years according to charity Shelter
Shelter says around 271,000 people are homeless in England today, or one in every 208. The total includes 123,000 children without a permanent residence.
Of the total, 2,400 people are sleeping rough on any given night, and 15,000 people are in hostels or supported accommodation.
The majority, nearly 250,000, are living in temporary accommodation – most of which are families. The number of people living in this kind of housing has risen by 74 per cent in the last 10 years.
An average of 1,000 calls per day are made to Shelter’s emergency helpline, of which almost eight in ten (78 per cent) callers are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. This figure has increased by 8 per cent since last year.
Shelter’s research found that homelessness has a hugely detrimental impact on the lives and health of those going through it.
Almost two-thirds of people (63 per cent) say that living in temporary accommodation has had a negative impact on their mental health and just over half (51 per cent) say that it has had a negative impact on their physical health.
It is also harder to access essential services. Two in five (39 per cent) of people say temporary accommodation makes it harder to get healthcare appointments.
Polly Neate, chief executive of Shelter, said: ‘Our frontline advisers are working tirelessly to help people who are desperate to escape homelessness – from the parents doing all they can to provide some shred of a normal family life while stuck in an emergency B&B, to the person terrified of another night sleeping rough.
This is Money spoke to one adviser helping callers. Chris Moore, 45, is from Sheffield and in September celebrated working for Shelter for 8 years. He joined the charity as a legal adviser after 15 years working in the legal and insurance industry.
Chris Moore, 45, has worked for housing and homelessness charity Shelter for over 8 years
A lot of the role, he says, is letting people know their rights. For example, it is common for people to think they need to leave their property on the day an eviction notice expires – but that isn’t the case.
‘We can say, “You haven’t got to go anywhere; it could be another 3 or 4 months before you have to leave” and that’s a big difference,’ he says.
‘They can’t believe they have more time; it changes their mindsets. You are arming people with information on what their rights are and empowering them to change their situations themselves.’
Chris says he has noticed a rise in cases of no-fault evictions – known as section 21s, attributing the rise to the additional costs landlords are facing as a result on the increase in mortgage rates.
In the past rent increases were something we would advise on fairly rarely, but now we are talking about it on almost a daily basis
Shelter adviser Chris Moore
This means that either they are selling their buy-to-let property and it is being bought by an owner-occupier, meaning the tenant must leave, or increasing rents to a level where it is no longer affordable.
According to Chris, instances of landlords trying to increase rents by alerting the tenants with a text are becoming more frequent.
However, in order for the price hike to be legal, he says landlords have to follow the correct procedure – which normally means giving notice and amending or creating a new tenancy agreement. Otherwise, the tenant is entitled to only pay the original amount.
‘In the past the rent increase would be something we would advise on fairly rarely but now we are talking about it on almost a daily basis,’ says Chris.
For those who end up needing temporary accommodation from the local council, there are often further issues.
First, they need to qualify for accommodation. Councils have a legal obligation to provide accommodation for certain groups including pregnant women, families with children and those who are vulnerable due to health issues.
However, under the law the property needs to be ‘affordable’, taking into account living expenses such as commuting and utilities.
Rising mortgage costs have led some landlords to pass on the hike to tenants or sell up and leave buy-to-let altogether
‘Councils struggle to find these properties,’ Chris explains. ‘They try and move them out of the city where rents are cheaper, but the issue there is largely around children and their education.
‘There are limits of how far they can move people out. And again cost is an issue, if you need to take three buses to school, is the travel card affordable?’
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But sometimes even getting the council to respond is tricky, and this is another area where the team at Shelter can help.
Not only will they advocate to the authority directly on behalf of the caller, including threatening legal action, but if applicants are entitled to accommodation and the council hasn’t responded it is in breach of its legal duties.
They can also advise on action against landlords and refer tenants to solicitors or legal aid providers if they qualify.
This is the part of the role Chris says he enjoys most, the times when you get what he calls ‘tangible outcomes’.
‘When you’re on a late shift advocating for someone who is street homeless, the council office is closed and its 8pm, it’s up to us to deal with the council out of offices team. I love it to be honest because you’re fighting the good fight.
How Shelter can help
Call the free helpline on 0808 800 4444 if you:
- are homeless
- have nowhere to stay tonight
- are worried about losing your home in the next two months
- are at risk of harm or abuse
Note the helpline only gives advice on English housing law.
The charity also has an array of resources on its website – find it here
Try Shelter Scotland or Shelter Cymru if you need advice for these areas.
‘Someone has been stuck in a car park all day trying to speak to the council and then I am the one who manages to get them accommodation because the council can’t pull the wool over my eyes. Giving people hope is what you’re doing a lot of the time.’
But he warns the situation as a whole is likely to deteriorate further. While many benefits will rise in line with inflation as of April this year, the uprating doesn’t cover housing benefits.
The allowance is frozen at 2020 levels, although rents rose to record levels last year. The average rent in Britain recently soared to more than £1,200 a month for the first time on record.
It is a rise of £80 a month or 7.1 per cent higher than the same time the previous year.
Chris says he would like to see the benefit unfrozen. ‘As rent goes up that gap [between housing benefit and rent] gets wider and the shortfall is bigger so people have to make it up with other benefits or taking up more jobs,’ he argues.
Research from specialist lender Market Financial Solutions found that 49 per cent of renters were worried they would not be able to pay their rent in 2023.
And it’s not just renters who are facing financial difficulties. The number of home repossessions rose 15 per cent between July and September last year compared to the three months before, as mortgage rates spiked and the cost of living crisis put pressure on household budgets.
In total 700 homeowner mortgaged properties were taken into possession in the third quarter of 2022, according to data from UK Finance.
But more longer-term investment needs to be made into the social housing sector Chris adds. ‘At Shelter we always want people to be as secure a possible and if they are in social housing they will be more secure than in private rented, and that stability makes a huge difference.’
As rents rise, an increasing number of tenants may struggle to pay their landlord every month
Freddie Poser, director of housing campaign group Priced Out, added: ‘Homelessness represents the sharpest and most heartbreaking end of the housing crisis. With spiralling housing costs, more and more people are pushed into precarious situations and homelessness.
‘Without expanding the housing supply, homelessness and the wider housing crisis will continue to get worse.’
For those worried about, or at risk of, becoming homeless Chris urges them to remember help is available.
As well as its helpline, Shelter’s website also contains resources such as templates for letters and a live chat function where you can talk to one of the charity’s advisers.
And for those not in need of help but alarmed by the homelessness crisis, he asks them to consider writing to their MP about the issue.
‘These problems that we hear about are getting increasingly common and it’s important to know there is help out there,’ he adds.
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